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コマンドでRaspbianに日本語フォントのインストールする方法

公式Raspberry Pi OS
公式Raspberry Pi OS

Raspberry Pi のOSに公式のRaspbianがあります。Debianを元にされた使いやすいOSです。

もしもあなたが日本語のフォントを追加でインストールしたい場合、GUIでもCUIの環境でもターミナル端末のコマンドでインストールするやり方を載せておきます。ご参考にしてください。

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実際のコマンド

どんなフォントがあるのか検索してみます。

sudo apt-cache search font japanese

私の環境下で以下のように大量に検索結果が出ました。(stretch)

バージョン確認コマンド

lsb_release -a
No LSB modules are available.
Distributor ID: Raspbian
Description: Raspbian GNU/Linux 9.4 (stretch)
Release: 9.4
Codename: stretch

検索結果

cmap-adobe-japan1 - CMaps for Adobe-Japan1
cmap-adobe-japan2 - CMaps for Adobe-Japan2
debiandoc-sgml - DebianDoc SGML DTD and formatting tools
dvi2ps-fontdata-three - Font data of Adobe Japanese fonts (futomin, futogo, jun101)
dvips-fontdata-n2bk - Virtual font data to process dvi files generated by NTT-JTeX
emacs-intl-fonts - fonts to allow multilingual PostScript printing from Emacs
fbterm - fast framebuffer based terminal emulator for Linux
fonts-aoyagi-kouzan-t - Brush-style Japanese font
fonts-aoyagi-soseki - Brush-style Japanese font, Aoyagi-Soseki
fonts-arphic-ukai - "AR PL UKai" Chinese Unicode TrueType font collection Kaiti style
fonts-arphic-uming - "AR PL UMing" Chinese Unicode TrueType font collection Mingti style
fonts-dejima-mincho - antique-looking Japanese TrueType Mincho font
fonts-droid-fallback - handheld device font with extensive style and language support (fallback)
fonts-hanazono - Japanese TrueType mincho font by KAGE system and FontForge
fonts-horai-umefont - Japanese TrueType font, Ume-font
fonts-ipaexfont - Japanese OpenType font, all IPAex Fonts
fonts-ipaexfont-gothic - Japanese OpenType font, IPAex Gothic Font
fonts-ipaexfont-mincho - Japanese OpenType font, IPAex Mincho Font
fonts-ipafont - Japanese OpenType font set, all IPA Fonts
fonts-ipafont-gothic - Japanese OpenType font set, IPA Gothic and IPA P Gothic Fonts
fonts-ipafont-mincho - Japanese OpenType font set, IPA Mincho and IPA P Mincho Fonts
fonts-ipamj-mincho - Japanese OpenType font, IPAmj Mincho Font
fonts-kanjistrokeorders - font to view stroke order diagrams for Kanji, Kana and etc
fonts-kiloji - Japanese Truetype font like longhand made by "kilo"
fonts-kouzan-mouhitsu - Brush-style Japanese font, Kouzan-Mouhitsu
fonts-migmix - High quality Japanese font based on M+ fonts and IPA fonts
fonts-misaki - Japanese Gothic and Mincho font from "Misaki" bitmap font
fonts-mona - Japanese TrueType font for 2ch ASCII art
fonts-monapo - Japanese TrueType font, Monapo
fonts-motoya-l-cedar - Japanese Truetype font, Motoya L Cedar
fonts-motoya-l-maruberi - Japanese Truetype font, Motoya L Maruberi
fonts-mplus - M+ sans serif fonts with different weights
fonts-noto - metapackage to pull in all Noto fonts
fonts-noto-cjk - "No Tofu" font families with large Unicode coverage (CJK)
fonts-noto-hinted - "No Tofu" font families with large Unicode coverage (hinted)
fonts-noto-mono - "No Tofu" monospaced font family with large Unicode coverage
fonts-noto-unhinted - "No Tofu" font families with large Unicode coverage (unhinted)
fonts-oradano-mincho-gsrr - Retro style (Meiji period) Japanese font
fonts-sawarabi-gothic - gothic font for Japanese
fonts-sawarabi-mincho - Japanese mincho font - Sawarabi Mincho font
fonts-seto - handwriting Japanese font including JIS X 0213 kanji
fonts-takao - Japanese TrueType font set, Takao Fonts
fonts-takao-gothic - Japanese TrueType font set, Takao Gothic Fonts
fonts-takao-mincho - Japanese TrueType font set, Takao Mincho Fonts
fonts-umeplus - Japanese TrueType gothic fonts, based on Umefont and M+Font
fonts-vlgothic - Japanese TrueType font from Vine Linux
fonts-wqy-microhei - Sans-serif style CJK font derived from Droid
fonts-wqy-zenhei - "WenQuanYi Zen Hei" A Hei-Ti Style (sans-serif) Chinese font
fonts-yozvox-yozfont - Japanese proportional Handwriting OpenType font
fonts-yozvox-yozfont-antique - Japanese proportional Handwriting OpenType font (antique kana)
fonts-yozvox-yozfont-cute - Japanese proportional Handwriting OpenType font (cute kana)
fonts-yozvox-yozfont-edu - Japanese proportional Handwriting OpenType font (educational cana)
fonts-yozvox-yozfont-new-kana - Japanese proportional Handwriting OpenType font (new kana)
fonts-yozvox-yozfont-standard-kana - Japanese proportional Handwriting OpenType font (standard kana)
gs-cjk-resource - Resource files for gs-cjk, ghostscript CJK-TrueType extension
hershey-fonts-data - Hershey vector fonts collection
konfont - Public domain japanese fonts for KON2
langdrill - language drills to test vocabulary
latex-cjk-japanese - Japanese module of LaTeX CJK
latex-cjk-japanese-wadalab - type1 and tfm DNP Japanese fonts for latex-cjk
makejvf - generate VF file from japanese TeX TFM file for dvips
poppler-data - encoding data for the poppler PDF rendering library
printer-driver-cjet - printer driver for Canon LBP laser printers
texlive-lang-cjk - TeX Live: Chinese/Japanese/Korean (base)
texlive-lang-japanese - TeX Live: Japanese
texlive-metapost - TeX Live: MetaPost and Metafont packages
ttf-kochi-gothic - Kochi Subst Gothic Japanese TrueType font without naga10
ttf-kochi-mincho - Kochi Subst Mincho Japanese TrueType font without naga10
ttf-sazanami-gothic - Sazanami Gothic Japanese TrueType font (legacy)
ttf-sazanami-mincho - Sazanami Mincho Japanese TrueType font (legacy)
xfonts-a12k12 - 12-dot Kanji & ASCII fonts for X
xfonts-ayu - Gothic 18/20 dot Japanese and ISO-8859-1 X11 bitmap fonts
xfonts-intl-japanese - international fonts for X - Japanese
xfonts-intl-japanese-big - international fonts for X - large Japanese
xfonts-jisx0213 - JIS X 0213 Japanese Kanji bitmap fonts for X
xfonts-kaname - Kaname Cho 12 dot Japanese Kanji, Latin 1 fonts for X11
xfonts-kappa20 - X11 Kappa 20dot Fonts (ISO-8859-1..4/9/10/13..16, Japanese) with bold
xfonts-marumoji - Roundish fonts (marumoji fonts) for X
xfonts-mplus - M+ bitmap 10/12 dot Latin/Japanese fonts for X11
xfonts-shinonome - Various 12,14,16 dot Japanese Kanji, iso8859-1 fonts for X11
xfonts-wqy - WenQuanYi Bitmap Song CJK font for X
fonts-ipafont-nonfree-jisx0208 - Japanese TrueType font, IPAfont (JISX0208)
fonts-ipafont-nonfree-uigothic - Japanese TrueType font, IPAfont UI Gothic
fonts-mikachan - handwritten Japanese Truetype font
ttf-kochi-gothic-naga10 - Kochi Subst Gothic Japanese TrueType font with naga10 (non-free)
ttf-kochi-mincho-naga10 - Kochi Subst Mincho Japanese TrueType font with naga10 (non-free)
xfonts-naga10 - 10x10 dot Japanese and ISO-8859-1 naga10 fonts

定評のあるnotoに絞ってみましょう

sudo apt-cache search font japanese | grep noto

fonts-noto - metapackage to pull in all Noto fonts
fonts-noto-cjk - "No Tofu" font families with large Unicode coverage (CJK)
fonts-noto-hinted - "No Tofu" font families with large Unicode coverage (hinted)
fonts-noto-mono - "No Tofu" monospaced font family with large Unicode coverage
fonts-noto-unhinted - "No Tofu" font families with large Unicode coverage (unhinted)

フォントのインストールコマンド

notoの場合

sudo apt-get install fonts-noto

 

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最後に

コマンドでの作業は難しいと思いがちです。覚えるのは難しいですが、よく使うコマンドを実際によく使えば自然と覚えていきます。

ターミナル端末には補完機能があります。

入力途中でtabキーを押せば続きを補完してくれます。候補がある場合は表示もしてくれます。スペルを間違えればエラー音で補完されません。

 

使わないと忘れてしまうので、積極的にコマンド操作すると、マウス操作よりも簡単ですよ。

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\ 初めてのRaspberry Pi はセットで始めよう /
NewLife NewDesingストア

2台目にも最適な最小基本セット!

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